Diwali is the festival of lights celebrated in Hindus in all over India. It is celebrated in many other countries also like Nepal, Srilanka, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore etc. it is the most important and awaited festival for Hindus. Diwali is celebrated for five long days each day has a different name of celebration. “Dhanteras” is celebrated two days before Diwali, “Choti Diwali” the day after Dhanteras, “Diwali” the main celebration of these five long days, “Padwa” the day after Diwali and “Bhaiya dooj” two days after Diwali. Diwali means a row of lighted lamps. It is mainly falls in autumn the month of October or November according to English calendar. Diwali signifies the victory of good over evil. It also signifies from darkness to brightness as the night stays dark but the rows of lighted lamps make the night brightest. The sound of firecrackers chases away the evil yet another thing is based on a very scientific reason that the fumes produced by these firecrackers will kill so many insects and mosquitoes which generally occurs in rainy seasons.
It is a belief when lord Rama along with his wife Sita and brother Laxman returned his kingdom “Ayodhya” from the exile of 14 years, all the people of Ayodhya lighted lamps for making it a grand celebration. Rama who was returning from an exile of long 14 yrs after killing the demon Ravana who had kidnapped his wife Sita. People started celebrating the day as Diwali honouring the return of God Rama. Another belief of Diwali celebration is “Pandava putra” along with their wife Draupadi returned from the exile of 12 years. Many people beliefs that Diwali is linked with Goddess Laxmi, the power of wealth and prosperity.
People start the celebration of Diwali a week before. Many paint new colors on their wall clean their houses and décor it well by decorative items. All the houses and shops get cleaned for this special occasion and the whole market is full of with the essential products. There are so many things which are essential for Diwali which needs shopping so people visits market for purchasing the essentials. Each day of this five long day celebration has its own importance and values. All the five days of celebration requires a lot of shopping as so many guests will visit your house may be your friends, relatives, co-workers etc. for serving them, for gifting them you need to do shopping and ofcourse for the essentials of Diwali pooja.
Dhanteras is the starting festival of this five days long celebration. It is celebrated two days before Diwali. The day symbolizes the meaning and importance of wealth (Dhan). People purchases expensive things on this day like gold or silver ornaments, utensils, vehicle, any electronic device etc. it has become a ritual to buy these products on this day. A person must have to buy precious things as per a belief for impressing Goddess Laxmi so that she will shower her blessing for good luck and wealth in one’s life. The market is full jammed with these types of products and large number of crowd could be seen in markets. Many purchase ornaments for gifting their daughter as many considers their daughter as Laxmi.
It is celebrated just the day before Diwali. It is the second day of Diwali celebration of five days. This day people remain busy in decorating the house, women making the sweets and other dishes for Diwali. A ritual to take out a lighted lamp which is usually called “Yam Diya” on this day after all the family members get in to the house. People lights this lamp outside their house for the whole night on the honour of the God of Death “Yamaraj” to save their family members from any misfortune. The women of the house keep that lamp outside the house and according to the custom she cannot look back to that particular lamp as it assumes as a bad luck.
Laxmi Pooja or Kali Pooja
The third day is Diwali. In evening we do Laxmi pooja. From morning the preparation starts Men of the house decorates the house with lightings, artificial flowers, stickers, Torans etc. Women make the Rangoli and ready their children for the pooja. Arrange all the essential things which are necessary for the pooja. People decorate the interior of the home by using new bed sheets, colorful curtains, designer table clothes etc. People wear new outfits to celebrate it. illuminates lamps or diyas and other electric bulbs. It is a belief that Laxmi roams on the earth this day so everybody opens their doors and window and decorates the entrance with lighted lamps for welcoming Goddess Laxmi. After all these works we worship Goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesha and more deities like Saraswati and Kubera for showering wealth and prosperity to the family members. The whole family members then sing the “Aarti “of Laxmi. Many people worships Goddess “Kali” instead of worshiping Laxmi so it is also called as Kali pooja. It’s mainly celebrated in odisha and west Bengal.
After doing the pooja we go outside home and celebrate the festival by lighting up the firecrackers. Children enjoys by lighting up the sparkles and small firecrackers while adult enjoys by lighting up big sound firecrackers, flowerpot (Anaar), rockets and many more. A continues sound of fire crackers can be heard the whole evening and night on Diwali. The sound of firecrackers and rockets signifies the celebration of Diwali as well as to chase away the evils. Another reason for celebrate Diwali by lighted lamps and diyas as it occurs on the darkest night of the year but by all these lighted candles or lamps the darkest night becomes the brightest night of the year. Many friends and relatives visit each other houses for celebrating Diwali with sweets and give gifts to each other.
Padwa is the celebrated on the fourth day of Diwali. It is celebrated to the honour of the national return of the Demon king Bali to the earth. It is called as the new moon day and is the first day of the month of Kartika. This festival is mainly celebrated in the southern side of India as Tamil Nadu, Karnataka etc. In many places peoples decorates their cow also on the occasion of Padwa. The day is also special for the newly married couples; this day ritually the celebration of the love and devotion between spouses. The husband gives his wife adorable gifts. Many newly married daughter and their husbands got invited for having special meal. Sometimes a brother visit her sister’s to pick her from in law’s house to home for this important day.
It is the fifth and last day of Diwali celebration. This festival is for siblings just as the Raksha Bandhan but with different rituals. Sister worships for their brother’s long lives and wellness. It is also known as “Govardhan pooja”. It is another way to make strong bonding between siblings. Brothers give precious presents or gifts to their sisters. On this day girls and ladies gather on courtyard of one’s house and do the pooja for her brothers, makes a circle and image of God Govardhan by cow-dung with a bamboo stick stand with a brick on the middle of the circle which also cover with cow-dung. Girls do worship to God Govardhan and then breaks the brick with that bamboo stick which is called as Godhan kootna, another name of this festival Godhan. Then they make an amulet by cotton for her brother’s security. They bind it around the wrist of her brother’s hand and after this brother give them precious gifts.
Trend of Gifts
Diwali is the occasion which is celebrated all over the India and in many other parts of world too. It is celebrated by families as well as corporate sectors too. Diwali is known as the festival of lights but its five long days of celebration now has made a trend of sharing gifts with each and other. Well it is very essential also, if your guests will visit your house it won’t look good that you would let them go with an empty hand from your home on this special day. A husbands gifts her wife, son and daughter to their parents, brother to sisters, boss to his employees etc. this trend has given a new way to celebrate Diwali with more happiness. Gifting someone close to you makes your relationship more beautiful and strong as the gift is precious to everyone, it speaks itself how much the concerned person is valuable and important in the life of gift presenter. Now-a-days people use to do shopping for themselves and for gifting their loved ones through online. It gives a nice service of delivering the gift to the given address within the time allotted. You can even get the Diwali gift ideas over online sites as people has less option to gift anyone on this five long days celebration while online sites have many. Get all the beautiful and different gifts for different person on each and every day of celebration of Diwali from online shopping sites on exciting prices. Don’t let the trend go away just keep on this trend with online sites as it makes the celebration more enjoyable.